This course is intended to highlight the array of products and by-products that are produced by and that can be harnessed from animals. The course also teaches the various available technologies by which these products and by-products could be improved through value addition in order to enhance their aesthetic, organoleptic and nutritional qualities. Germane to this course therefore are topics that showcase the characteristics and economic importance of products and by-products of various livestock. Other topics that are covered include: carcass yield and evaluation, processing procedures, product handling, preservation, storage and marketing. The course also includes aspects of microbiology of products and by-products and techniques of establishing processing plants.
Principles of sanitation and farm hygiene as applied to the control of common diseases of livestock; disinfection, sanitation procedures, including waste and carcass disposal methods.Occupational disease with respect to the livestock industry.Principles of zoonosis and study of specific zoonotic diseases with emphasis on prevention and control on livestock farms and humans.
This course will mainly provide students with basic knowledge and skills in economics which can be applied to various aspects of livestock production. Livestock Economics is a discipline that provides a comprehensive range of economic skills and techniques tailored to the specific requirements of the livestock sector. Topics to be covered include the place of livestock in the Nigeria Economy; consumer and consumption patterns of livestock products; micro and macro-economics in animal production; agricultural production functions including data collection and analysis. Capital investment and depreciation of capital. The economics of egg, meat and milk production. Livestock feed economics. Input return relationship in livestock production. The economics of herd health management.
Concepts of self and non-self. Innate and Acquired immunity. Antigens and antibodies. Humoral and cellular response to foreign protein invasion of the body, Phagocytosis and pinocytosis. Hypersensitive reactions. Antigen-antibody reactions. Serological methods of disease diagnosis: Agglutination, hemagglutination, precipitation flocculation and neutralization reactions in vitro and in vivo, immuno fluorescent and enzyme linked techniques. Vaccines and vaccinations; Use of vaccines. Practical exercises on antigen-antibody reactions.
The focus of this Course is to impart useful knowledge to students and to enhance their skill in soil water management via field and laboratory practicals. As a practical course, it meets the need of students in other fields, such and soil and water engineering and agro-meteorology. Topics to be covered include nature and forms of soil water, energy state of soil water (forces acting on soil water),principles of soil water erosion and control, soil water management for erosion control, irrigation of agricultural crops and the hydrologic cycle.
This course builds upon the basic knowledge of the Anatomy and Physiology of farm animals earlier introduced and taught as APH 202 and APH 309 in 200 and 300 levels respectively. It is designed to equip students of Animal Production and Health with the technical tools needed in the field of reproductive and environmental physiology as they relate to livestock. The course is practical oriented with the ultimate goal of intimating students with the rubrics of livestock management in terms of the physiology of growth, reproductive cycles, gestation, parturition, lactation, homeostasis, endocrinology and thermoregulation to mention but a few.
The focus of this course is to impart knowledge on the types, nature, characteristics and attributes of farming systems of the (humid) tropics. At the end of the teaching and learning activities related to this course, the students will be able to aptly affirm that â€In traditional cropping system farmers through experience gained over several years and generation, the people had derived crop mixtures and rotation to suit specific ecological and social economic conditions with a view of attaining yield stabilityâ€.