DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND HEALTH

COURSE DESCRIPTION

BIO 101: GENERAL BIOLOGY 1 (4 UNITS)

Cell structure and organization,; functions of cellular organelles; diversity, characteristics and classification of living things, general reproduction, interrelationship of organisms, heredity and evolution. Elements of ecology and type of habitat. Scope of biology, differences between plants and animals. Variation and life cycles of plant to include non-vascular plants like algae, fungi, bacteria, viruses, bryophytes and pteridophytes. Varieties and forms like cycles and functions of flowering plants.

BIO 102: GENERAL BIOLOGY II (4 UNITS)

A generalized survey of the animal kingdom based mainly on study of similarities and differences in external features; ecological adaptation of these forms. Structural, functional and evolutionary study of Protozoans, Coelentrates, Platyhelminths, Nematodes, Annelids, Athropods, Echinoderms and Molluscs. Evolutionary sequence in the form and functions of Protochordates and various classes of vertebrates. Introduction to ecology to include simple ecological facts in terrestrial and aquatic habitat and the relationships between an organism and its environment.

CHE 101: GENERAL CHEMISTRY I (4 UNITS)

Atoms, molecules and chemical reactions, chemical equation and stoichiometry, atomic structure and periodicity; modern electronic theory of atoms: radioactivity chemical kinetics, and electrochemistry.

CHE 102: GENERAL CHEMISTRY II (4 UNITS)

Historical survey of the development and importance of organic chemistry, nomenclature and classes of organic compounds; purification of organic compounds, qualitative and quantitative organic chemistry, stereochemistry; determination of structure of organic compounds; electronic theory in organic chemistry; saturated hydrocarbons, unsaturated hydrocarbons, periodic table and periodic properties; valence forces; structure of solids; the chemistry of selected metals and non metals. Qualitative analysis.

PHY 101: GENERAL PHYSICS I (3 UNITS)

Space and time, frames of references, units and dimension, kinematics; fundamental laws of mechanics, statics and dynamics, Galilean invariance; universal gravitation; work and energy; rotational dynamics and angular momentum; conservation laws.

PHY 102: GENERAL PHYSICS II (3 UNITS)

Electrostatistics; conductors and currents; dielectrics; magnetic fields and induction; Maxwell’s equation; electromagnetic oscillations and waves; applications.

PHY 103: GENERAL PHYSICS III (2 UNITS)

Molecular treatment of properties of matter, elasticity, Hooke’s law. Young’s shear and bulk moduli. Hydrostatics, pressure, bouyance, Archemede’s principles, hydrodynamics streamlines. Bernouli and continuity equations, turbulence, Reynold’s number, viscosity; laminar flow, Poiseville’s equation. Surface tension; adhesion, cohesion, capillarity drops and bubbes. Temperature; the zeroth law of thermodynamics; heat, gas laws of thermodynamics, kinetic theory of gases, applications.

PHY 107: GENERAL PHYSICS LABORATORY I (1 UNIT)

This introductory course emphasizes quantitative measurements, the treatment of measurement errors and graphical analysis. A variety of experimental techniques will be employed. The experiments include studies of meters, the oscilloscope, mechanical systems, electrical and mechanical resonant systems, light, heat viscosity etc. covered in PHY 101, PHY 102 and PHY 103.

MTS 101: INTRODUCTORY MATHEMATICS I (3 UNITS)

Elementary set theory, subsets, union, intersection, complement, Venn diagrams, Real numbers, integers, rational and irrational numbers, mathematical induction, real sequences and series, theory of quadratic equations, Binomial theorem, complex numbers, algebra of complex numbers, the Argand diagram. De Moivre’s theorem, nth roots of unit. Circular measure, trigonometric functions of angles of any magnitude, addition and factor formulae.

MTS 102: INTRODUCTORY MATHEMATICS II (3 UNITS)

Function of a real variable, graphs, limits and idea of continuity. The derivative as limit of rate of change. Techniques of differentiation. Extreme curve sketching. Integration as an inverse of differentiation. Methods of integration, definite integral. Application to areas, volumes. Geometric representation of vectors in 1-3 dimensions, components, direction cosines.

GNS 101: USE OF ENGLISH 1 (2 UNITS)

Study aids, scientific word building, word group, listening and lecture comprehension, note taking and note making, reading purposes, aids, speed, comprehension; spelling and punctuation, aspects of grammar; preposition, tenses and the sentence.

GNS 102: USE OF ENGLISH II (2 UNITS)

Awareness raising, gathering/generating ideas/information for writing, structuring essay, writing a first draft, introduction and conclusion. Writing main sections, citations and bibliography, quotations and referencing. Answering exam questions.

GNS 103: INFORMATION RETRIEVAL (1 UNIT)

Libraries and the organization of knowledge. Types of Libraries and the various forms of recorded knowledge. Organization and retrieval of knowledge catalogues. Information retrieval method and techniques. Use and evaluation of information sources and tools. Dictionaries, encyclopedias, serial publications, abstracts and indexes. Guide to the literature of specific subjects. Information gathering methods and project writing. Practical use of information sources and tools.

GNS 106: LOGIC AND PHILOSOPHY (2 UNITS)

The nature and scope of Philosophy. Branches of Philosophy, Philosophy and Science. Deductive and Inductive reasoning. Symbolic logic, Truth Values tables, connectives, affirmation, negation, conjunctions, alternation, conditional and bi-conditional. Grouping and telescoping. Formal fallacies. Informal fallacies.

MEE 101: ENGINEERING DRAWING (3 UNITS)

Instruments for engineering drawing and their uses. Drawing paper sizes, margins and title blocks. Lettering and types of lines. Geometrical construction: bisection of lines and angles and their applications. Polygon, tangency, locus of simple mechanism. Pictorial drawing; Isometric, oblique and perspectives. Orthographic projection. Dimensioning and development of simple shapes. Assembly drawing of simple components. Conventional representation of common engineering features. Freehand sketching.

MEE 102: WORKSHOP PRACTICE (2 UNITS)

Introduction to basic manufacturing processes. Organization of workshop. Workshop hazard and safety practices and codes. Properties of engineering materials. Bench-work and fitting. Introduction to turning exercises – straight and step turning chamfering, screw cutting. Milling and milling exercise. Drilling techniques and exercise. Sheet metal work. Welding and soldering technique with exercises. Properties of wood. Woodwork and joinery exercises. Workshop measurements. Refrigeration and air conditioning: Principle of operation, refrigerants and trouble shooting. Methods of leak detection, charging and discharging. Safety precautions. Automotive workshop practice. Principle of operation of the motor car, tuning carburetor, setting contact breaker gap, setting ignition timing. Engine routine maintenance procedure and engine service. Tyre types and care. Battery care, topping up and charging.

APH 201: INTRODUCTION TO ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND HEALTH (2 UNITS)

Introduction to farm animals, their breeds and brief history of their origin. Modern production, management and health practices especially with respect to cattle, swine, poultry, small ruminants and rabbits. Constraints to commercial production and concept of health maintenance in farm animals.

APH 202: ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF FARM ANIMALS (3 UNITS)

Study of the morphology of parts of farm animals. Anatomical differences in relation to prehension, digestion, and locomotion. Anatomy and physiology of the different cell types, tissues and the systems. Homeostasis, nutrition and digestion, temperature and regulation of body functions in tropical environments.

APH 204: ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF FARM ANIMALS I (3 UNITS)

Study of the morphology of parts of farm animals. Anatomical differences in relation to prehension, digestion, and locomotion. Anatomy and physiology of the different cell types, tissues and the systems.

APH 301: LIVESTOCK PARASITOLOGY AND ENTOMOLOGY (3 UNITS)

Production and helminth parasites and arthropods of importance to domestic stock, especially in the tropics. Their morphology, distribution, life-cycle, transmission, harmful effects and control.

APH 302: DAIRY CATTLE PRODUCTION AND DAIRYING (3 UNITS)

Dairy-type cattle and their characteristics. Production and management practices in rearing dairy cattle. Judging of dairy cattle. Milk and milking techniques. Composition of milk. Processing and preservation of milk. Milk products-butter, cheese, whey. Procedure for establishing a commercial dairy plant.

APH 303: ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR AND HANDLING TECHNIQUES (3 UNITS)

Effects of domestication on animal behaviour. Causes of behaviour responses in animals. Types of behaviour. Learning of behavioural responses; behavioural adaptations of animals to their environments and ways of life. Abnormal behaviour. Various techniques for handling farm animals.

APH 305: PRINCIPLES OF ANIMAL NUTRITION (3 UNITS)

Review of the digestive tracts and the digestion process in ruminants and non-ruminants, bioenergetics, water in relation to nutrition, basic nutritional and metabolic processes of carbohydrates, fats and proteins, nutritional requirements for maintenance, growth and production, nutrient inter-relationships. Non-protein nitrogen utilization, elements of human nutrition, food survey and food balance sheet.

APH 306: FEEDS AND FEEDING (3 UNITS)

Types of livestock feeds - roughages, succulents and concentrates, feed additives/supplements. The characteristics, chemistry and nutritive value of some Nigerian feeds and feeding stuffs. Factors affecting the nutritive value of feeds. The concept of feeding standards. Toxins and potential toxins in some feeding stuffs. The concept of alternative feed ingredients. Ration formulation, the concept of balanced ration evaluation, digestive experiments, economic livestock feeding and feedmill industry.

APH 307/311: ANIMAL BREEDING AND GENETICS (3 UNITS)

History of genetics and animal breeding, chromosome structure, number and variations. The gene and genotype, genetic code, Mendelism; fundamental principles of inheritance, types of gene actions, values and means, repeatability and heritability, variations in farm animals and selection principles. Breeding methods – in-breeding types of in-breeding, cross-breeding and types of cross-breeding, estimation of breeding values.

APH 308: SWINE PRODUCTION (3 UNITS)

Importance of swine and rabbits in livestock production, breeds, breeding selection and nutritional requirements, housing and health care of swine and rabbits, techniques of establishing a commercial herd of swine and colony of rabbits, production plans, environmental requirements, production equipment and improvisation.

APH 309: ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF FARM ANIMALS II (3 UNITS)

Review of all the systems of farm animals using the finer details of tissue/organs to emphasise the functions of these systems in relation to improved farm animal production. Homeostasis, nutrition, reproduction and digestion, temperature, regulation of body functions in the tropical environment and some aspects of reproductive endocrinology

APH 310: ANIMAL MICROBIOLOGY AND PATHOLOGY (3 UNITS)

The history and development of microbiology, general characteristics of micro-organisms including bacteria, viruses, chlamydiae, mycoplasma, rickettsiae and fungi of animal health importance, principles of sterilization and disinfection. Principles of bacterial isolation and cultivation. Identification of pathogenic bacteria and fungi and the diseases they cause in animals. The process of inflammation and healing of lesions associated with infections. The pathogenesis of infectious diseases.

APH 311: ANIMAL BREEDING AND GENETICS I (3 UNITS)

History of genetics and animal breeding, chromosome structure, number and variations. The gene and genotype, genetic code, Mendelism; fundamental principles of inheritance, types of gene actions, values and means, repeatability and heritability, variations in farm animals and selection principles. Breeding methods – in – breeding types of in – breeding, cross – breeding and types of cross – breeding, estimation of breeding values.

APH 312: PASTURE AND FODDER CROP PRODUCTION AND PRESERVATION (3 UNITS)

Geographical distribution of natural pasture in Nigeria, adaptation and botany of indigenous and introduced pastures and forage plants, characteristics and composition of grasses, legumes and shrubs for livestock feeding, establishment, production and seed multiplication of pasture plants. The utilization and maintenance of pasture fields and fodder crop farms. Grazing systems and management, forage conservation, dry season feeds.

APH 314: MONOGASTRICS AND RUMINANT NUTRITION (3 UNITS)

Review of the digestive tracts and the digestion process in non-ruminants. Energy, protein, mineral and vitamin metabolism. Structure and nutritional significance of noon-starch polysaccharides. Nutrient inter-relationships and non-protein nitrogen utilization. Nutrient requirements of monogastrics animal species for health, maintenance, growth and productive functions. In vivo and in vitro digestive experiments.

Ruminant digestive physiology. Rumen microbiology. Energy, protein, mineral ad vitamin nutrition in relationship to the nutritional needs and practical feeding of beef cattle, dairy cattle, sheep and goats. Nutrient requirements of ruminant species for health maintenance, growth and productive functions. New developments in feeding systems, feed additives and the prevention and treatment of metabolic disorders. In vitro and in vivo digestive experiments.

APH 316: ANIMAL MICROBIOLOGY (3 UNITS)

The history and development of microbiology, general characteristics of micro-organisms including bacteria, viruses, chlamydiae, mycoplasma, rickettsiae and fungi of animal health importance, principles of sterilization and disinfection. Principles of bacterial isolation and cultivation. Identification of pathogenic bacteria and fungi and the diseases they cause in animals. The process of inflammation and healing of lesions associated with infections. The pathogenesis of infectious diseases.

APH 318: LIVESTOCK PARASITOLOGY (3 UNITS)

Production and helminth parasites and arthropods of importance to domestic stock, especially in the tropics. Their morphology, distribution, life-cycle, transmission, harmful effects and control.

APH 320: MUSCLE BIOLOGY AND MEAT SCIENCE (2 UNITS)

Nigerian meat and allied industries. Growth and development of meat animals. Pre-slaughter handling and stress. Ante and post mortem factors affecting meat quality. Slaughtering and dressing techniques. Carcass yield and evaluation. Meat selection and grading. Structure, composition and function of muscle. Conversion of muscle to meat. Nutritional qualities of meat. Characteristics of fresh and processed meat. Meat processing and preservation. Consumer acceptability / sensory characteristics. Meat microbiology, inspection and sanitation. Tissue lipid oxidation. By-products handling and utilization. Abattoir/meat shop establishment and management. Meat marketing.

APH 402/404/406: STUDENTS INDUSTRIAL WORK EXPERIENCE SCHEME (SIWES) (10 UNITS)

Students are attached to industries, farms, research stations, etc with a view to making students develop more skill in their various disciplines and providing additional opportunity for students to learn to write filed reports. Students are supervised during the training period and are expected to keep log-books and other records designed for the purpose of monitoring their performance.

APH 405: LIVESTOCK DISEASE AND CONTROL (3 UNITS)

The economic impact of diseases on livestock, signs of health disease, principles of disease control in livestock, maintenance of health on livestock farms, transmission, epidemiology, prevention and control of common livestock diseases, with emphasis on those prevalent in Nigeria. Nutritional and metabolic disease resistance and their practical application. Vaccination schedules in livestock, drug administration.

APH 407: BEEF CATTLE, SHEEP AND GOAT PRODUCTION (3 UNITS)

The beef industry in Nigeria, breeds of beef cattle, sheep and goats, equipment for beef cattle, sheep and goat production, housing requirements, feeding and management of beef cattle, sheep and goats. Calf rearing methods, common operations on cattle ranches – dehorning, castration, etc. Growing and finishing management practices, feedlot operation, breeding, herd record keeping, herd health management. Techniques for establishing large beef cattle, sheep and goat ranches. Judging and marketing of beef cattle, sheep and goats.

APH 413: POULTRY PRODUCTION (3 UNITS)

The areas of poultry production business, brooding of chicks and rearing of growers techniques of keeping layers, breeders, broilers and some other poultry species e.g. turkeys, ducks, geese and guinea fowls commercially and semi commercially. Practical ways of establishing a poultry farm – provision of land, housing, equipment and labour. Poultry production plans and feasibility studies.

APH 415: HATCHERY TECHNOLOGY (3 UNITS)

Procedure for setting up and running a hatchery-hatchery layout, housing, equipment and labour management. Technical details about the types, parts, installation and handling of incubators. Production or purchase of good quality hatchable eggs. Incubation procedures, embryology. Hatchery hygiene. Handling and marketing of hatched chicks.

APH 417: FEED MILLING TECHNOLOGY (2 UNITS)

Overview of the Nigerian feed-mill industry. Feed-mill establishment and operation. Feed milling machine designs, components and maintenance operations. Feedstuff sourcing, storage, processing and quality control. Animal by-products processing and utilization. Finish feed quality. Principles and techniques of manual and computerized feed formulation. Economics and management of feed-mill operations. Marketing and sales promotion in feed-mill industry. Safety regulations pertaining to feed manufacture.

APH 423: DAIRY CATTLE PRODUCTION AND DAIRYING (3 UNITS)

Dairy – type cattle and their characteristics. Production and management practices in rearing dairy cattle. Judging of dairy cattle. Milk and milking techniques. Composition of milk. Processing and preservation of milk. Milk products-butter, cheese, whey. Procedure for establishing a commercial dairy plant.

APH 425: SWINE PRODUCTION (3 UNITS)

Importance of swine and rabbits in livestock production, breeds, breeding selection and nutritional requirements, housing and health care of swine and rabbits, techniques of establishing a commercial herd of swine and colony of rabbits, production plans, environmental requirements, production equipment and improvisation.

APH 427: CONTROL OF CLINICAL DISEASES (2 UNITS)

Practical instructions on sample collection for laboratory diagnosis of animal diseases, routine farm visits for on-the-sport assessment of farm animals for production, observation of farm animals for signs of health and disease(s)APH 500: STUDENTS SEMINAR (2 UNITS)

Instruction on the preparation, presentation and discussion of critical reviews of topics important to agriculture, to be followed by student presentation of above reviews.

APH 501: ANIMAL PRODUCTS AND BY-PRODUCTS TECHNOLOGY (3 UNITS)

Products and by-products of various livestock animals including their characteristics and economic importance. Carcass yield and evaluation. Processing procedures, products handling, preservation, storage and marketing – microbiology of products and by – products, techniques of establishing processing plants.

APH 503: PUBLIC HEALTH AND ANIMAL HYGIENE (3 UNITS)

Principles of sanitation and farm hygiene as applied to the control of common diseases of livestock; disinfection, sanitation procedures, including waste and carcass disposal methods. Occupational diseases with respect to the livestock industry, principles of zoonosis and study of specific zoonotic diseases with emphasis on prevention and control on livestock farms and in humans. Visits to slaughter slabs, abattoirs and institutions of public health importance.

APH 504: REPRODUCTIVE AND ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSIOLOGY ( 3 UNITS)

Functional anatomy of male and female reproductive systems. Sperm and ovum anatomy and physiology. The oestrus cycle in mammalian species. Oestrus detection and synchronization. Fertilization, pregnancy and foetal development. Physiology of parturition. Hormones of reproduction. Artificial insemination in farm animals; semen collection, evaluation, preservation and storage. Insemination techniques. Physiology of egg production.

APH 505: LIVESTOCK ECONOMICS (3 UNITS)

The place of livestock in the Nigeria Economy; consumer and consumption patterns of livestock products; micro and macro – economics in animal production; agricultural production functions including data collection and analysis. Capital investment and depreciation of capital. The economics of egg, meat and milk production. Livestock feed economics. Input return relationship in livestock production. The economics of herd health management.

APH 506/508: APPLIED ANIMAL BREEDING/ANIMAL BREEDING AND GENETICS II (3 UNITS)

Production characteristics in various farm animal species. Determination of genetic parameters. Breeding systems, selection methods, sex determination. Foundation stock in livestock production, Breeding and selection of beef and dairy cattle; performance and progeny testing in beef and diary cattle and poultry. Improvement of sheep and goats. Gene mutation and variance and co-variance, heritability and repeatability.

APH 509: BASIC IMMUNOLOGY AND SEROLOGY (3 UNITS)

Concepts of self and non-self. Innate and Acquired immunity. Antigens and antibodies. Humoral and cellular response to foreign protein invasion of the body, Phagocytosis and pinocytosis. Hypersensitive reactions. Antigen-antibody reactions. Serological methods of disease diagnosis: Agglutination, hemagglutination, precipitation flocculation and neutralization reactions in vitro and in vivo, immuno fluorescent and enzyme-linked techniques. Vaccines and vaccinations; Use of vaccines. Practical exercises on antigen-antibody reactions.

APH 510: RABBIT AND MICRO-LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION: (2 Units)

Historical background, World production; distribution and importance of rabbit characteristics of rabbits as important meat producing small livestock. Limitations to rabbit production; rabbit breeds and breeding; breeding characteristics, selection . Reproduction Anatomy and Physiology of reproduction. Three basic reproduction rates (extensive, semi-intensive and intensive rtes). Nutrition and feeding: Feeding behaviour, nutritional needs, types of feed. Housing and equipment. Biological consideration, rabbit behaviour and environment. Building, caging watering, feed troughs and racks nest box. Pathology and health care. Diseases-intestinal, respiratory, nutritional, etc. Prevention and control. Other micro-livestock for consideration : guinea pigs, snails and laboratory animals.

APH 519: PRINCIPLES OF ANIMAL BIOTECHNOLOGY (3 Units)

Animal cell and tissue culture. Cloning, species hybridization, interspecies, embryo transfer, DNA sequence, blood group analysis and genetic polymorphism; electrophoretic techniques. Gene and gene markers.

APH 599: FINAL YEAR STUDENT’S PROJECT (6 UNITS)

Supervised study of an identified problem, requiring both oral and written presentation, students must attend tutorials on research techniques and scientific writing as well as an oral presentation relating to students project in the school.